WAYS OF REPRESENTATION OF CREATIVITY AND INTUITION IN THE P.K. ENGELMEYER’S AND F. DESSAUER’S THEORIES OF CREATIVITY

Нестеров А.Ю.

Abstract

The article was prepared as part of the report delivered at the INION RAS at the seminar in memory of V.G. Gorokhov. The purpose of the presented reasoning is, firstly, to draw the attention of the philosophical community to the still very little demanded potential of the philosophy of technology in solving a number of fundamental issues related to cognition and activity; secondly, to show solutions to the problem of intuition in the “three act” model of the Russian classic of the philosophy of technology Pyotr Engelmeyer and the concept of “shaping abilities” of the German classic Friedrich Dessauer. The rea-soning is constructed as a comparative analysis of the works of two classics, taking into account the interpretations proposed by V.G. Gorokhov. Similarities and differences are revealed in understand-ing the structure of the act of creativity, in determining the conditions for its possibility. The similarity in the models of Engelmeyer and Dessauer concerns the structure of the act of creativity, the idea of creativity as the circulation of knowledge, the definition of the source of crea-tivity in the form of a problem, need or desire of a person, the assessment of the experimental natural science of the New Age as a condition for the possibility of technical creativity. The difference be-tween these models is related to the idea of the nature of intuition, un-derstood as a transition from cognition to creativity: Engelmeyer for-mulates a constructivist model of intuition as a reassembly of the individual experience of a genius in the first act of creativity, Dessauer creates a realistic model of intuition as a search for a pre-established form of solving a problem through natural revelation. The result of the reasoning as a whole consists in explicating the role of technology in solving questions about intuition and scientific and technological pro-gress, in demonstrating the correlations of technology and science that are classic for the philosophy of technology.

Keywords

philosophy of technology; intuition; progress; P.K. Engelmeyer; F. Dessauer; W.G. Gorokhov.

DOI: 10.31249/scis/2023.04.07

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