TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY OF RUSSIA: LEGAL ISSUES

Лапаева В.В.

Abstract

In the article the problems of technological sovereignty of Russia are considered in the plane of the legal approach. The thesis is substantiated that ensuring technological sovereignty now means not just a gradual increase in potential in this area, but a serious break-through in a number of key areas. Such a breakthrough is impossible without a qualitatively different approach to the development of science, the efforts of which create the latest technologies. At the same time, we should talk about the entire system of scientific knowledge, including both fundamental and applied, as well as its natural science and socio-humanitarian component. The existential character of this task requires the restructuring of the entire legislative policy in such a way as to provide the most comfortable conditions for overcoming the critical gap between Russia and the world's scientific and technological leaders. From this standpoint, it is proposed to codify the legislation on science and technology and remove the regulation from the scope of other codes and federal legs that do not take into account its specificity and significance at the present critical stage of the country's development. In addition to the development and adoption of such a «science and technology» code, within which it would be possible to create an internally consistent system of legal regulation of this area and overcome those legislative barriers to the development of science and technology that are laid down in other codes, it is necessary to increase the efforts of the scientific and educational legal community to form and develop the relevant branch of law, as well as to train young professionals to work in this area.

Keywords

law; science; technology; Russia; technological sov-ereignty; legislation on science and technology; codification of legislation.

DOI: 10.31249/scis/2023.02.04

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